Spring Boot RESTFul

The main idea behind creating a RESTful application is that you will create logical resources (GET, POST, UPDATE and DELETE) consumed by clients usign HTTP request.

This resources should be nouns no verbs. In this example we will create a RESTful application using a person resource.

So we can have:

  • GET /persons - Retrieves a list of persons
  • GET /persons/1234 - Retrieves a specific person
  • POST /persons - Creates a new person
  • PUT /persons/1234 - Updates #1234 person
  • DELETE /persons/1234 - Deletes #1234 person

NOTE: If you need to know what tools you need to have installed in your computer in order to create a Spring Boot basic project, please refer my previous post: Spring Boot

Then execute this command in your terminal.

spring init --dependencies=web --language=groovy --build=gradle spring-boot-restful

This is the build.gradle file generated:

buildscript {
	ext {
		springBootVersion = '1.5.9.RELEASE'
	repositories {
	dependencies {

apply plugin: 'groovy'
apply plugin: 'org.springframework.boot'

group = 'com.example'
version = '0.0.1-SNAPSHOT'
sourceCompatibility = 1.8

repositories {

dependencies {

Here is how looks our person model

package com.jos.dem.springboot.restful.model

class Person {
  String nickname
  String email

Netx let’s create a PersonService to delegate all operations needed

package com.jos.dem.springboot.restful.service

import com.jos.dem.springboot.restful.model.Person

interface PersonService {
  List<Person> getPersons()
  Person getPerson(String uuid)
  Person create(Person person)
  Person update(Person person)
  Person delete(String uuid)

Then let’s look our controller who receives client’s request and provide client’s response

package com.jos.dem.springboot.restful.controller

import static org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod.GET
import static org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod.POST
import static org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod.PUT
import static org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod.DELETE

import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseStatus
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ExceptionHandler
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired
import org.springframework.http.ResponseEntity
import org.springframework.http.HttpStatus

import com.jos.dem.springboot.restful.service.PersonService
import com.jos.dem.springboot.restful.model.Person
import com.jos.dem.springboot.restful.exception.BusinessException

import org.slf4j.Logger
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory

class PersonController {

  Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(this.class)

  PersonService personService

  List<Person> getPersons(){
    log.info 'Listing all persons'

  @RequestMapping(value='/{uuid}' ,method=GET)
  Person getPerson(@PathVariable String uuid){
    log.info "Getting person by uuid: ${uuid}"

  @RequestMapping(method=POST, consumes='application/json')
  Person createPerson(@RequestBody Person person){
    log.info "Creating new person: ${person.nickname}"

  @RequestMapping(method=PUT, consumes='application/json')
  Person updatePerson(@RequestBody Person person){
    log.info "Updating person: ${person.nickname}"

  @RequestMapping(value='/{uuid}', method=DELETE)
  Person deletePerson(@PathVariable String uuid){
    log.info "Deleting person with uuid: ${uuid}"

  ResponseEntity<String> handleException(BusinessException be){
    return new ResponseEntity<String>(be.message, HttpStatus.UNAUTHORIZED)


ExceptionHandler is a strategy to catch any exception that possibly occurs, receives an BusinessException who it is actually a wrapper exception. For more information regading this strategy, please refer my previous post: Spring Boot AOP

To get list of persons:

curl  -v 'http://localhost:8080/persons/'

To get a person by uuid:

curl  -v 'http://localhost:8080/persons/1234'

To create a new person:

curl -H "Content-Type: application/json" -v -X POST -d '{"nickname":"josdem","email":"joseluis.delacruz@gmai.com"}' 'http://localhost:8080/persons/'

To update a person:

curl -H "Content-Type: application/json" -v -X PUT -d '{"nickname":"josdem","email":"joseluis.delacruz@gmai.com"}' 'http://localhost:8080/persons/'

To delete a person by uuid:

curl -v -X DELETE 'http://localhost:8080/persons/1234'

This is how get all persons response looks like:

Connected to localhost ( port 8080 (#0)

> GET /persons/ HTTP/1.1
> Host: localhost:8080
> User-Agent: curl/7.55.1
> Accept: */*

< HTTP/1.1 200
< Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8
< Transfer-Encoding: chunked
< Date: Sat, 27 Jan 2018 20:28:31 GMT

Connection #0 to host localhost left intact

To Download the Project:

git clone https://github.com/josdem/spring-boot-restful.git

To Run the project:

gradle bootRun

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