Spring Boot Swagger

Swagger is a simple yet powerful representation of your RESTful API. With Swagger you can keep your documentation attached with the evolution of your code and with Swagger UI you’ll have a web interface that allows you to easily create GET and POST request to your API. To know more about Swagger please visit it’s official web site here.

NOTE: If you need to know what tools you need to have installed in yout computer in order to create a Spring Boot basic project, please refer my previous post: Spring Boot

Then execute this command in your terminal:

spring init --dependencies=web --language=java --build=gradle boot-configuration

This is the build.gradle generated file:

buildscript {
  ext {
    springBootVersion = '2.1.1.RELEASE'
    springfoxVersion = '2.9.2'
  repositories {
  dependencies {

apply plugin: 'java'
apply plugin: 'org.springframework.boot'
apply plugin: 'io.spring.dependency-management'

repositories {

dependencies {
  implementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web'
  implementation "io.springfox:springfox-swagger2:${springfoxVersion}"
  implementation "io.springfox:springfox-swagger-ui:${springfoxVersion}"
  testImplementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-test'

Then add swagger dependencies in your build.gradle file

dependencies {
  compile "io.springfox:springfox-swagger2:${springfoxVersion}"
  compile "io.springfox:springfox-swagger-ui:${springfoxVersion}"

Next step is to create a Swagger Configuration file:

package com.jos.dem.swagger.config;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import springfox.documentation.spring.web.plugins.Docket;
import springfox.documentation.spi.DocumentationType;
import springfox.documentation.builders.PathSelectors;
import springfox.documentation.builders.RequestHandlerSelectors;
import springfox.documentation.swagger2.annotations.EnableSwagger2;

public class SwaggerConfig {

  public Docket api() {
    return new Docket(DocumentationType.SWAGGER_2)


Swagger 2 is enabled through the @EnableSwagger2 annotation. With Docket bean definition we are able to provide methods for configuration, it has a select() method and returns an instance of ApiSelectorBuilder, which provides a way to control the endpoints exposed by Swagger. Predicates in RequestHandlers can be configured with the help of RequestHandlerSelectors and PathSelectors. Using any() for both will make documentation for your entire API available through Swagger.

Controller Documentation

Now it is time to see the most common annotations in a RestController in order to create our API documentation.

package com.jos.dem.swagger.controller;

import static org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod.GET;
import static org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod.POST;

import java.util.List;

import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.http.HttpStatus;
import org.springframework.http.ResponseEntity;
import io.swagger.annotations.Api;
import io.swagger.annotations.ApiImplicitParam;
import io.swagger.annotations.ApiImplicitParams;

import com.jos.dem.swagger.service.UserService;
import com.jos.dem.swagger.command.UserCommand;
import com.jos.dem.swagger.model.User;

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

@Api(description="knows how receive manage user requests")
public class UserController {

  private Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(this.getClass());

  private UserService userService;

  @RequestMapping(method = GET)
  public List<User> getAll(){
    log.info("Getting all users");
    return userService.getAll();

  @ApiImplicitParam(name = "uuid", value = "User's uuid", required = true, dataType = "string", paramType = "path")
  @RequestMapping(method = GET, value = "{uuid}")
  public User getByUuid(@PathVariable String uuid){
    log.info("Getting user by uuid: " + uuid);
    return userService.getByUuid(uuid);

  @RequestMapping(method = POST, consumes="application/json")
  public User create(@RequestBody UserCommand command){
    log.info("Saving user: w/uuid: " + command.getUuid());
    return userService.create(command);

  • @ApiImplicitParams Represents a single parameter in an API Operation, in this case user’s uuid.
  • @Api is used to declare a Swagger resource API. Only classes that are annotated with @Api will be scanned by Swagger. You can also document your model using @ApiModel
package com.jos.dem.swagger.command;

import io.swagger.annotations.ApiModel;
import io.swagger.annotations.ApiModelProperty;

@ApiModel(value="UserModel", description="Model who represents an user entity")
public class UserCommand {
  @ApiModelProperty(value = "User's uuid", allowableValues = "aphanumeric")
  private String uuid;
  @ApiModelProperty(value = "User's name", allowableValues = "text")
  private String name;
  @ApiModelProperty(value = "User's email", allowableValues = "email@domain")
  private String email;

  public void setUuid(String uuid){
    this.uuid = uuid;

  public String getUuid(){
    return this.uuid;

  public void setName(String name){
    this.name = name;

  public String getName(){
    return this.name;

  public void setEmail(String email){
    this.email = email;

  public String getEmail(){
    return this.email;


@ApiModel Provides additional information about Swagger models. This translates to the Model Object in the Swagger Specification. The endpoint to create request to your API using Swagger is: http://localhost:8080/swagger-ui.html

Swagger Results

Let’s start creating a new user.

As you can see we have a Json as response with the new user created. So now we can call to retieve all users

Get all users

Finally, let’s get a user by UUID

Get user by uuid

To browse the code go here, to download the project:

git clone https://github.com/josdem/swagger-spring.git
cd boot-configuration

To run the project:

gradle bootRun

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