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Spring JavaMail and Freemarker

We’re going to explore all flowing from controller to the freemarker html template to send an email.

package com.jos.dem.jmailer.controller

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody
import org.springframework.http.ResponseEntity
import org.springframework.http.HttpStatus
import com.google.gson.Gson

import static org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod.GET
import static org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod.POST

import com.jos.dem.jmailer.service.EmailerService
import com.jos.dem.jmailer.command.MessageCommand
import com.jos.dem.jmailer.command.MessageType

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory

@Controller
class EmailerController {

  @Autowired
  EmailerService emailerService

  Log log = LogFactory.getLog(this.class)

  @ResponseBody
  ResponseEntity<String> message(@RequestBody String json) {
    MessageCommand command = new Gson().fromJson(json, MessageCommand.class)
    log.info "Sending contact email: ${command.email}"
    command.type = MessageType.MESSAGE
    emailerService.sendEmail(command)
    new ResponseEntity<String>("OK", HttpStatus.OK)
  }

}

This controller receives an json as parameter and using Gson library parser transform it to a command, we could send a request from command line like this:

curl -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST -d '{"email":"joseluis.delacruz@gmail.com","message":"message"}' 'http://localhost:8080/jmailer/message'

The emailService is responsible to send an email based in a command, let’s see its definition

package com.jos.dem.jmailer.service

import com.jos.dem.jmailer.command.MessageCommand

interface EmailerService {

  def sendEmail(MessageCommand command)

}

First a interface definition to decouple controller and service relationship, then a definition.

package com.jos.dem.jmailer.service.impl

import org.springframework.stereotype.Service
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired

import com.jos.dem.jmailer.service.MessageService
import com.jos.dem.jmailer.service.EmailerService
import com.jos.dem.jmailer.command.MessageCommand
import com.jos.dem.jmailer.exception.EmailerException

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory

@Service
class EmailerServiceImpl implements EmailerService {

  @Autowired
  MessageService messageService

  Log log = LogFactory.getLog(this.class)

  def sendEmail(MessageCommand command){
    log.info 'Sending email ${command.email}'
    messageService.message(command)
  }

}

Email service delegates to the messageService to send the email

package com.jos.dem.jmailer.service

import com.jos.dem.jmailer.command.MessageCommand

interface MessageService {

  void message(final MessageCommand command)

}

Message service implementation

package com.jos.dem.jmailer.service.impl

import javax.jms.JMSException
import javax.jms.Message
import javax.jms.ObjectMessage
import javax.jms.Session
import javax.jms.Destination

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired
import org.springframework.jms.core.JmsTemplate
import org.springframework.jms.core.MessageCreator
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service

import com.jos.dem.jmailer.service.MessageService
import com.jos.dem.jmailer.command.MessageCommand

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory

@Service
class MessageServiceImpl implements MessageService {

  @Autowired
  JmsTemplate template
  @Autowired
  Destination destination

  Log log = LogFactory.getLog(getClass())

  void message(final MessageCommand command) {
    log.info "CALLING Message"

    template.send(destination, new MessageCreator() {
      Message createMessage(Session session) throws JMSException {
      ObjectMessage message = session.createObjectMessage()
      message.setObject(command)
      return message
      }
    })
  }
}

In our message service implementation we create an message and using an JMS template we deliver our message to the destination.

The receiver should be an MessageListener implementation

package com.jos.dem.jmailer.messengine

import javax.jms.Message
import javax.jms.MessageListener
import javax.jms.ObjectMessage

import org.springframework.stereotype.Service
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired

import com.jos.dem.jmailer.service.NotificationService

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory

@Service
class JmsMessageListener implements MessageListener {

  @Autowired
  NotificationService notificationService

  Log log = LogFactory.getLog(getClass())

  void onMessage(Message message) {
    log.info 'Email message received'

    Object command =  ((ObjectMessage) message).getObject()
    notificationService.sendNotification(command)
  }

}

JmsMessageListener receives the email message and from this side uses and notificationService to transform it to an email

package com.jos.dem.jmailer.service

import com.jos.dem.jmailer.command.MessageCommand

interface NotificationService {

  void sendNotification(MessageCommand command)

}

NotificationService implementation

package com.jos.dem.jmailer.service.impl

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Qualifier
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service

import com.jos.dem.jmailer.integration.MailService
import com.jos.dem.jmailer.service.NotificationService
import com.jos.dem.jmailer.command.MessageCommand
import com.jos.dem.jmailer.constant.ApplicationConstants

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory

@Service
class NotificationServiceImpl implements NotificationService {

  @Autowired
  MailService mailService
  @Autowired
  Properties properties

  private Log log = LogFactory.getLog(getClass())

  @Override
  void sendNotification(MessageCommand messageCommand) {
    def (subject, templateName) = obtainSubjectAndResourceToSendNotification(messageCommand)
    def data = [email:messageCommand.email, subject:subject, templateName:templateName]
    mailService.sendMailWithTemplate(data, messageCommand.properties, data.templateName)
  }

  def obtainSubjectAndResourceToSendNotification(MessageCommand messageCommand){
    String templateKey = "${messageCommand.type.toString()}_PATH"
    String subjectKey = "${messageCommand.type.toString()}_SUBJECT"

    String templateName = properties.getProperty(templateKey)
    String subject = properties.getProperty(subjectKey)

    log.info("Sending email with subject: " + subject)
    [subject, templateName]
  }

}

The responsibility from this pice of code is to extract subject an a freemarker template name from a properties file and then send those parameters to the mail service

package com.jos.dem.jmailer.integration

interface MailService {

  void sendMailWithTemplate(Map values, Map model, String template)

}

Mail service implementation

package com.jos.dem.jmailer.integration.impl

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired
import org.springframework.mail.javamail.JavaMailSender
import org.springframework.mail.javamail.MimeMessageHelper
import org.springframework.mail.javamail.MimeMessagePreparator
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service
import org.springframework.ui.freemarker.FreeMarkerTemplateUtils

import com.jos.dem.jmailer.integration.MailService

import freemarker.template.Configuration
import freemarker.template.Template
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory

@Service
class MailServiceImpl implements MailService {

  @Autowired
  Configuration configuration

  @Autowired
  JavaMailSender javaMailSender

  Log log = LogFactory.getLog(getClass())

  void sendMailWithTemplate(final Map values, final Map model, final String template) {
    MimeMessagePreparator preparator = new MimeMessagePreparator() {
      void prepare(MimeMessage mimeMessage) throws Exception {
        MimeMessageHelper message = new MimeMessageHelper(mimeMessage, true)
        Template myTemplate = configuration.getTemplate(template)
        message.setTo(values.email)
        message.setSubject(values.subject)
        String text = FreeMarkerTemplateUtils.processTemplateIntoString(myTemplate, model)
        message.setText(text, true)
      }
    }

    this.javaMailSender.send(preparator)
  }

}

Mail service gets a template from a freemarker configuration, and prepare the email.

To get ths work, we need an xml context who defines javaMail parameters and freemarker configuration, as you can see we define in freemarker/mail path our templates

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd">

  <context:component-scan base-package="com.jos.dem.jmailer.integration"/>
  <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:config/emailer.properties" />

  <bean id="javaMailSender" class="org.springframework.mail.javamail.JavaMailSenderImpl">
    <property name="host" value="smtp.gmail.com" />
    <property name="port" value="465" />
    <property name="username" value="${email.sender}" />
    <property name="password" value="${email.password}" />
    <property name="javaMailProperties">
      <props>
        <prop key="mail.smtp.auth">true</prop>
        <prop key="mail.smtp.socketFactory.port">465</prop>
        <prop key="mail.smtp.socketFactory.class">javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory</prop>
        <prop key="mail.smtp.socketFactory.fallback">false</prop>
      </props>
    </property>
  </bean>

  <bean id="freemarkerConfiguration"
    class="org.springframework.ui.freemarker.FreeMarkerConfigurationFactoryBean">
    <property name="templateLoaderPath" value="classpath:/freemarker/mail/" />
  </bean>
</beans>

Our message template look like this

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Notificación</title>
  </head>

  <body>
    <h1>Mensaje</h1>
    <h3>Administrator</h3>
    <hr>
    <p>Message: ${message}</p>
  </body>

</html>

FreeMarker will step in and transform the template on-the-fly to plain HTML by replacing the ${message} with our command message information.

To download the project

git clone https://github.com/josdem/jmailer-bootstrap.git
git fetch
git checkout feature/java-mail

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