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Dojo Fizzbuzz With Test

Fizz buzz is a group word game for children to teach them about division. Players take turns to count incrementally, replacing any number divisible by three with the word “fizz”, and any number divisible by five with the word “buzz”.

Our Dojo goal is to test a starting round of fizz buzz from 1 to 10 as follow:

1, 2, Fizz, 4, Buzz, Fizz, 7, 8, Fizz, Buzz.

Let’s build our Dojo using Elixir testing. In order to do that we need a new project called fizzbuzz:

$ mix new fizzbuzz

Then add FizzBuzz logic in lib/fizzbuzz.ex file:

defmodule FizzBuzz do

  def fizzbuzz(x) when is_number(x) do
    if rem(x,3) == 0 && rem(x,5) == 0 do
      "FizzBuzz"
      else if rem(x,3) == 0 do
      "Fizz"
      else if rem(x,5) == 0 do
      "Buzz"
      else
        x
      end
      end
    end
  end

end

Now is time to write our test cases; open test/fizzbuzz_test.exs and add this code:

defmodule FizzbuzzTest do
  use ExUnit.Case, async: true
  import Fizzbuzz


  test "When 1 then 1" do
    assert fizzbuzz(1) == 1
  end

  test "When 2 then 2" do
    assert fizzbuzz(2) == 2
  end

  test "When 3 then Fizz" do
    assert fizzbuzz(3) == "Fizz"
  end

  test "When 4 then 4" do
    assert fizzbuzz(4) == 4
  end

  test "When 5 then 5" do
    assert fizzbuzz(5) == "Buzz"
  end

  test "When 6 then 6" do
    assert fizzbuzz(6) == "Fizz"
  end

  test "When 7 then 7" do
    assert fizzbuzz(7) == 7
  end

  test "When 8 then 8" do
    assert fizzbuzz(8) == 8
  end

  test "When 9 then Fizz" do
    assert fizzbuzz(9) == "Fizz"
  end

  test "When 10 then Fuzz" do
    assert fizzbuzz(10) == "Buzz"
  end


end

Finally run all test with this command:

$ mix test

As result you should see this output.

..........

Finished in 0.08 seconds (0.08s on load, 0.00s on tests)
10 tests, 0 failures

Randomized with seed 521475

Refactoring fizzbuzz using pattern matching and private functions

Using matchers we can simplify our code.

  • fizzbuzz(x) function will call private functions calculate_fizzbuzz using matchers
  • _ character accepts any value to do the match
  • Each private funcion do different action depending matchers
defmodule Fizzbuzz do
  def fizzbuzz(x) when is_number(x) do
    calculate_fizzbuzz(rem(x, 5), rem(x, 3), x)
  end

  defp calculate_fizzbuzz(0, 0, _), do: "Fizzbuzz"

  defp calculate_fizzbuzz(0, _, _), do: "Buzz"

  defp calculate_fizzbuzz(_, 0, _), do: "Fizz"

  defp calculate_fizzbuzz(_, _, x), do: x
end

Refactoring explicit pattern matching

Our ultimate refactor in this code is using explicit pattern matching which allow us to encapsulate our solution in a single function.

defmodule Fizzbuzz do

  def fizzbuzz(x) when is_number(x) do
    another(rem(x,3),rem(x,5),x)
  end

  def another(a,b,c) do
    case {a,b,c} do
      {0,0,_} -> "FizzBuzz"
      {_,0,_} -> "Buzz"
      {0,_,_} -> "Fizz"
      {_,_,c} -> c
    end
  end

end

After each refactor you can run the tests again.

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